Using Jamf School, you can configure the Dock for computers with a profile.
Configuring a Dock Profile
Create a macOS profile.
For more information, see Creating and Distributing Profiles.
Use the Scope payload to configure the scope of the profile by clicking the + icon and adding device groups to the profile scope.
Use the Dock payload to configure the basic settings, including the full file path for Dock apps, folders, and files. For example: /Applications/Safari.app
If the path is not configured correctly, the Dock will display a question mark.